Diane Arbus, born Diane Nemerov in New York City in 1923, started taking pictures in the early 1940s and went on to study photography with Berenice Abbott, Alexey Brodovitch and Lisette Model. Her first published photographs appeared in Esquire in 1960. In 1963 and 1966 she was awarded with the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowships. In 1967, she was one of three photographers to be included in the landmark exhibition, New Documents, at The Museum of Modern Art, New York. In 1972 a year after her death her work was selected for inclusion at the Venice Biennale - the first work of an American photographer to be so honoured. The Museum of Modern Art hosted a major retrospective that travelled through the United States and Canada from 1972 to 1975 and, in 2003, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art organised Revelations, a full-scale retrospective that then toured to museums in the United States and Europe, including the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, (2005-2006) and the National Museum Cardiff (2009). Photology has organized her first solo show ever made in London and Milano (1997) and published her Aperture monograph in Italian, probably the most important book in history of photography.